Sometimes in photography, mistakes are made along the way and there is nothing wrong with that. Even professionals get to commit mistakes sometimes. What is important is that we get to identify them and try not to commit these mistakes too often. Here are some mistakes to watch out for in photography.
One of the most common issues amateur photographers encounter is that their images have come out blurry. This is usually because there isn’t enough light reaching the sensor, so the camera struggles to take a sharp image. To remedy this situation, you can use a tripod or a monopod (a must in low light conditions), choose a higher ISO setting for faster shutter speeds or use flash to freeze any movement.
Too Much Contrast
A photograph with too much contrast has a strong difference between lighter and darker areas of the image. This is very apparent in photographs taken on a sunny day. Use flash to fill in the dark shadowy areas of the image and try underexposing the image by one or two stops to see if it would fix things.
Although red-eye can easily be corrected with an image editing software, it’s still good to know how to prevent it from occurring. Red-eye appears commonly in light-eyed people when the camera flash reflects off the retinas in their eyes. You can prevent red-eye by avoiding using your camera’s built-in flash whenever possible or use the automatic red-eye reduction mode if available in your camera. Another technique is to have your subject look away from the camera to avoid the reflection in their eyes.
Off-colors, or color casts are a well known problem in digital photography. In digital imaging we can use the white balance (WB) settings to deal with this problem. Choose “auto” or the proper WB settings for the scenario. For example, an indoor photograph tends to look orange because the incandescent (tungsten) light bulb emits “warm” or orange light. The tungsten setting devised for this scenario will add blue to balance it out.
Subject is Too Far
If your subject is too far away, your photo will not make much impact. If you are unable to physically move closer to the subject, you can use a good quality telephoto zoom lens or we can crop the image later with your image editing software. Remember to shoot the image at the highest resolution possible because cropping reduces the quality.
Shooting at a low resolution may allow you to store more images on your memory card, but it is a bad idea as this means that the image quality will suffer. And if you intend to print large photographs like for portrait photography, you won’t be able to print them without noticing the pixels. Better buy additional memory cards and take your photos with higher resolution.
Too Much Noise
Digital noise in your photograph are those unsightly little speckles on your image. The higher the ISO the more noise will appear, and the more you enlarge the image the more you can see noise. Night time images are prone to noise as the camera struggles to record detail. To reduce noise, use the largest image quality setting and always use a tripod so that you can choose the lowest ISO setting without causing blur.
An underexposed image is one that is too dark because not enough light reached the sensor when the image was taken. If the image comes out looking too shadowy and underexposed, you can try adjusting the aperture with a wider setting to allow more light in. You can also adjust the exposure on a DSLR, selecting the ‘+’ to add more light, usually in ½ stop increments.
If your photograph is too bright and lacking in detail, then it is overexposed. This means there is too much light hitting the sensor. Overexposure can be particularly bad on bright days or with light colored subjects. To correct this, try underexposing the image by choosing -0.5 or -1 and seeing if more detail has been retained. Additionally, use spot metering for accurate results by picking a grey mid-toned area in your image as the guideline.